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By : Choc Magazine   
Spider Veins be Gone

The appearance and beauty of our legs is very important to most women.  But what do we do with these maps of purple-bluish squiggles crawling up our legs?  Who or what is responsible for these beauty-blocking spider veins?

 

What are Spider Veins?
Spider veins are a condition that affects the legs most commonly, and sometimes the face. They are abnormal veins that form red, purple, or blue thread-like patterns just under the skin. Their medical name is Telangiestasia or Sunburst Varicosities. They are formed when weakened blood vessel valves fail to pump blood in the right direction, which leads to pooling of blood in some areas. These superficial veins are the ones that turn into spider veins.  Veins deeper in the body have more muscular support and thus don't dilate as easily under increased pressures. Spider veins can look like tree branches, spider webs, or fine separated lines. Some spider veins can be painful, but most are not.

 

What causes them?
What causes spider veins is not clear still. However, in many cases, they run in families, and women tend to be sufferers more so than men. Changes in estrogen levels in the blood may have a role in the development of varicose veins. Such hormonal changes occur during puberty, pregnancy, breastfeeding and menopause.  Other factors that may also contribute are standing or sitting for long periods, being immobile for long periods, lack of exercise, and obesity.  Aside from being ugly, many people do feel uncomfortable in their legs.  It could be restlessness, burning, heaviness, or an overall feeling that there is a lack of proper blood circulation.

 

Prevention
The cause behind protruding and obvious veins is generally unknown but it is clear that certain things may predispose an individual to getting them.  There are nevertheless precautions one can take to reduce the risk of developing them.
Once signs of spider veins are detected, it is important to wear compression or support stockings. However, before these veins actually pop up, applying appropriate creams daily may well help improve circulation, strengthen the vascular system, and delay the onset.
Following a regular exercise regimen can keep spider veins at bay too, by keeping blood pressure levels under control and fortifying the circulatory system. This also explains why avoiding standing or sitting for long periods at a time is recommended, and that maintaining an ideal body weight is important. Being overweight increases the pressure exerted on legs and thus increases the chances of developing spider veins. Smoking tends to increase blood pressure levels too, so of course giving up smoking is highly recommended. Also resting our legs and putting our feet up for some time every day will ease the pressure from our legs and prevent blood from accumulating in the veins there. Also wearing low-heeled shoes decreases the pressure on the leg area while clothes that are loose around the waist and the legs do not obstruct blood circulation in this region.
While birth control pills have not been proved to be a cause of spider veins, we do know that high estrogen levels in the body have been conclusively linked to increased chances of women developing spider veins and varicose veins.  Hence, another precaution that could be helpful.

 

Treatment
It is highly recommended for many who stand for long periods of time or who have a genetic disposition to developing spider veins, to know that there are treatments available that can lead to healthier and more beautiful legs.  Vein care has become much more possible and effective with advances in technology and medicine. There are effective treatments available that can be implemented. However, spider vein treatment is not recommended during pregnancy since the veins are often under pressure and their appearance may subside with time.
Sclerotherapy is one of these treatments. It involves injecting a solution into unwanted veins. This solution irritates the vein walls and causes the vein to undergo fibrosis and disappear. It is sterile and comprised of a saline or sulfate base. Sclerotherapy is not just a cosmetic procedure. Veins such as varicose vein can cause many health problems such as blood clots, venous eczema, skin breakdown and ulceration and, rarely, skin cancers.
Laser vein treatment  -  laser ablation process is a painless 45-minute procedure that aims carefully controlled pulses of narrow-wavelength light at the damaged veins. The veins absorb the heat, collapse, and are eventually reabsorbed by the body, becoming invisible. It does not involve injections and is quickly becoming a popular choice for vein removal. After a few treatments, the laser causes the blood to break down inside the veins and the body’s immune system breaks down any blood cells and removes them.

 

The cure
With sclerotherapy and laser treatments, spider vein treatment is becoming simpler and far more convenient. The removal of spider veins is not harmful for the body as they do not serve a purpose and are generally just cosmetically ugly. However, once they are removed, new veins can come back if pressure is put on the veins again. When blood is forced down into the veins over time, that blood can remain trapped in the veins and can cause the pain and stiffness mentioned earlier. So there is no known cure for these unattractive veins as of yet and those who have already had them are predisposed to get them again.

 

Sufferers of spider veins no longer have to endure painful procedures with permanent scarring to have beautiful legs. Lasers, radiofrequency devices, and microsurgery provide twenty-first century options. As science advances, choices for treatment will continue to become more numerous, safer, and more effective. And remember, while spider veins cannot always be prevented, they can be minimized with proper care.